Evergreen Conifer TreesThe look, color, and texture of a tree are key to establishing an attractive landscape.
(Click on any picture to view it larger or to see a slideshow of all species)
When planning your landscape, consider the size of the tree in maturity (40ft + height and 20ft + spread for conifers). A transplanted tree takes two to three years to re-establish itself. After that it will grow appoximately 12 inches a year if given good care. It is important to consider the type of soil, wind and sun exposure, as well as the trees proximity to harmful pollutants.
Conifers do not do well if planted in areas where they are subjected to long periods of standing water or continuously wet soil.
Balsam Fir: Native to the northern forest. Relatively pest resistant, can tolerate part shade and do well in moist soil. It has short, soft needles in a medium green color and exudes a wonderful aroma when a needle is crushed.
Fraser Fir: Native to the Appalachian mountains, though has adapted well to growing in this area. The dark green foliage is dense with a blue color on the underside of the needles which flashes in the wind. It prefers a well-drained site and lighter soil, but will tolerate some shade. The Frasier Fir requires a soil Ph in the 5-6 range.
Black Hills Spruce: One of the hardiest trees for this area. It survives a variety of environmental conditions such as drought, wet springs, cold winters, and has few pest problems. It is a short needle tree with a dense pyramidal shape. It’s color varies from dark green to blue-green.
Norway Spruce: Shares the same excellent hardiness characteristics as the Black Hills Spruce. It is a short needle tree with graceful swooping boughs and long beautiful cones. It is the fastest growing spruce and the largest in maturity. Give these trees plenty of room to grow.
White Pine: Native to northern Wisconsin and Minnesota. The fastest growing conifer prefering a well-drained soil and full sun exposure, but will tolerate part shade. Has soft medium length needles that whisper in the wind. Intolerant to salt and exhaust pollution, so plant away from roadway.